Pistacia Atlantica Oil
In present studies, the oil was extracted from Pistacia atlantica fruits using cold pressing techniques, and the compositions of the Pistacia Atlantica seed oils were determined for the fatty acids, sterols, triacylglycerols, tocopherols, phenolics, and pigments. According to the results of this work, Pistacia Atlantica seed oil is considered oleiclinoleic oil as the most abundant oleic acid followed by linoleic acid, and can be used as an edible cooking or salad oil or to make margarine . The effects of oral forms of P. Atlantica essential oil are analogous to those of prednisolone and hydrocortisone, and can suppress all inflammatory symptoms of colitis.
To identify the types and amounts of components in the essential oil of P. Atlantica, oil was first extracted from gum using a hydrodistillation method, Pistacia atlantica is believed to have several therapeutic properties such as relieving upper abdominal discomfort and pain, dyspepsia and peptic ulcer. Pistacia spp. is a diuretic and stimulant agents.
Essential oils contain active compounds which could be used for obtaining functional materials that have antioxidant, antimicrobial, or pesticidal activities . The fruits are edible, drupe-like fruits with high content of oils, used in folk medicine to treat a variety of diseases, and consumed extensively as nutrients by local people.