The influence of nutrition has the potential to substantially affect physical function and body metabolism.
Polyunsaturated fatty acids contain more than one double bond. Examples of foods high in polyunsaturated fats include vegetable oils, corn, sunflower, and soy.
Essential fatty acids are polyunsaturated fatty acids that the human body needs for metabolic functioning but cannot produce, and therefore has to be acquired from food.
The omega-3 fatty acids, EPA and DHA stand for eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid respectively. These fatty acids are omega-3 fats, which are found in cold water fish, such as fatty fish (e.g., salmon, tuna, and trout) and shellfish (e.g., crab, mussels, and oysters).
A different kind of omega-3, called ALA, is found in other foods, including some vegetable oils (e.g., canola and soy). Omega-3s are also available as dietary supplements; for example, fish oil supplements contain EPA and DHA, and flaxseed oil supplements contain ALA.
Beyond the basic maintenance of cells in a person’s body, initial research has linked omega-3 fatty acids with various other health benefits.
Some scientists also believe that omega-3 fatty acids can improve one’s blood lipid (cholesterol and triglyceride) levels and decrease the risk of coronary heart disease.
Triglycerides are fats, and if a person has an excess of these, they are more at risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Clinical evidence suggests that EPA and DHA help reduce cardiovascular risk factors, such as high cholesterol and high blood pressure. Fish oil has been shown to lower levels of triglycerides, and to lower the risk of cardiovascular death and abnormal heart rhythms. Polyunsaturated fatty acids, they do so by making the heart cells less excitable (by modulating ionic channels) and also to slower atrioventricular conduction and substantially lower the probability of having a prolonged QT interval.
Omega-3 fatty acids can improve insulin resistance, inflammation and heart disease risk factors in people with metabolic syndrome. Omega-3 fatty acids reduce triglycerides levels in your body by increasing the speed of your metabolism. A quicker metabolism can help you burn more calories each day and potentially lose more weight.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the joints. Omega-3 fatty acids can reduce the production of molecules and substances linked to inflammation, such as inflammatory eicosanoids and cytokines
Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to reduce morning stiffness, the number of tender joints and swollen joints in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
Some research suggests that omega-3s may help protect against Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, and have a positive effect on gradual memory loss linked to aging.
Omega-3 fatty acids have also role in reducing symptoms of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) which is a behavioral disorder characterized by inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. Omega-3 supplements can reduce the symptoms of ADHD in children. They improve attention and reduce hyperactivity, impulsiveness and aggression
An omega-3 fatty acid called DHA is a major structural component of your eyes’ retinas. It may help prevent macular degeneration, which can cause vision impairment and blindness.
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory respiratory disorder, characterized by bronchial constriction with coughing, wheezing, and breathlessness. Omega-3 fatty acids may have beneficial effects on asthma because of their anti-inflammatory mechanisms of action
Omega-3s are crucial for brain growth and development in infants. Getting enough omega-3s during pregnancy is associated with numerous benefits for your child, including
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